ECOLOGICAL CALENDAR

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JANUARY
January 1 is International Peace Day

January 6 – Consecration of Cretaceous, Incense and Water on Feast of Epiphany (Roman Catholic Rite)

On the feast of Epiphany, water, incense, and chalk are sanctified as elements of inanimate nature. These sanctified substances are then used for the various needs of the Church. For example, in the West, besides baptismal sanctification of water, the blessing of water consecration has spread through the reading of exorcism over water and the incorporation of sanctified salt into it.

January 19 – Act of the Great Consecration of Water (Byzantine-Slavic Rite)

January 11 – Day of Reserves

For the first time, Day of Reserves and National Parks began to be celebrated in 1997 at the initiative of the Wildlife Conservation Center and the World Wildlife Fund. January 11 was elected the Day of Reserves and National Parks in commemoration of the anniversary of the formation of the first state reserve of – Barguzinsky – in 1916.

January 18-25 – Great winter keeping of birds

The winter keeping of birds is sometimes called Christmas. The tradition of bird accounting was born in 1990 in the United States, when Bird-Lore ornithological editor Frank Chapman proposed a new way of hunting Christmas – with binoculars in his hands instead of weapons. At his urging, for the first time, 26 people spent this holiday day with the birds, watching and studying them, rejoicing in their flight and freedom. From now on, the “habit” of accounting for birds during Christmas is widespread in the United States, Canada, Latin America, the Caribbean and some Pacific islands. Today, more than 50,000 people count birds.

 

FEBRUARY

February 2 – World Wetlands Conservation Day

On February 2, 1971, the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar, mainly as a habitat for waterfowl (Ramsar Convention). In 1996, the Standing Committee of the Convention selected February 2, the anniversary of the signing of the Ramsar Convention, as the date of celebration and proclamation of the Wetlands Convention across the globe.

19 February – International Marine Mammal Protection Day (Whale Day)

International Marine Mammal Protection Day is considered to be a day of protection not only for whales, but also for all marine mammals and other living creatures of the seas and oceans. It has been celebrated since 1986, when, after 200 years of whaling, the International Whaling Commission imposed a ban on whaling and the trade in whale meat. Every year, various conservation groups carry out actions to protect whales and other marine mammals. In Ukraine, this holiday can be called the Day of the Dolphins, because they are the only representatives of marine mammals that live in our salty waters.

February 20 is International Day for Social Justice

February-March – All-Ukrainian ecological action on protection of primrose flowers “Primrose”.

 

MARCH

March – All-Ukrainian competition “To clean sources”

March 14 – World Day of Action against Dams, in Defense of Rivers, Water and Life.

The World Dams Day was launched in 1997 to bring together people around the world in the fight against dams, as well as to enlighten the impact of dams on river ecosystems.

March 21 is World Forest Day

World Forest Day is related to the activities of planting forests and highlighting the importance of increasing the amount of green space. This day is celebrated by governments and international organizations for defining a forest conservation plan.

March 22 – World Water Day (World Water Day)

World Water Day originates from the 1992 Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. The main reason for celebrating this day is the rapid decline in drinking water supplies. The UN General Assembly declared March 22 as World Water Day (resolution 47/193 of December 22, 1992). The purpose of this Day is to raise awareness of the importance and importance of water for life on Earth, as well as how rational use of water resources contributes to economic and social well-being.

March 23 is World Meteorological Day

In 1960, the World Meteorology Organization decided that March 23 would be celebrated as World Meteorology Day. The purpose is to emphasize the importance of meteorology and the meteorological service for the welfare of the population. Each year, a new slogan is chosen that day to help people understand the importance of the weather service.

March 26 – Earth Hour World Action

Earth Hour was launched in Sydney (Australia) in 2007, a year later, this event became a worldwide environmental initiative, involving over 100 million people in 35 countries, and in 2009, Ukraine, along with 87 other countries, also joined the worldwide action.

 

APRIL

April 1 – International Bird Day (Bird Meeting Day)

International Bird Day is held annually as part of the UNESCO program “Man and Biosphere” and is not accidentally celebrated in April. On April 1, 1906, the International Convention for the Protection of Birds was signed. Birds Day is not only the anniversary of the Convention, but also the arrival of wintering birds. For the first time this day, as a mass children’s holiday, began to be held in the United States of America. Organized by a teacher from the state of Pennsylvania. He was soon supported by one of the popular Pittsburgh Telegraph Chronicles, which began promoting Bird Day.

April 7 – Health Day

The World Health Organization (WHO) was organized on this day. Due to the constant change and pollution, the issue of health care is becoming more and more urgent. This day is proclaimed by the United Nations to ensure that most countries pay special attention to various aspects of health care.

The WHO report “Environmental Disease Prevention – Assessing the Severity of Diseases Caused by the Environment” states that 24% of all diseases in the world originate and develop due to poor environmental conditions. Moreover, 33% of all cases of the disease are associated with children (see Table 1 and Table 2). – www.ecolabel.org.ua

April 7 – Blessing and consecration of willow (wai) during the Feast of the Lord’s Entrance to Jerusalem

The blessing and consecration of the willow (wai) does not have a fixed date, since it is performed on the Feast of the Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem (People’s Name – April Sunday), which refers to the moving holidays, ie it depends on the celebration of Easter. Along with the “Blessings for planting trees”, “Prayer before sowing crops”, “Prayer in communion of the bunch of grapes on the sixth day of August”, the way “Treading the field sown” and others. the rite of blessing and consecration of the willow (vai) refers to the consecration of the flora in the liturgical year of the Eastern rite.

April 15 is the Day of Environmental Knowledge

The third Saturday of April is the All-Ukrainian Environment Day

Celebrated in Ukraine every year since 1999. Established by the Decree of the President of Ukraine “On Environment Day” in support of the initiative of the Ministry of Environment and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine and public environmental organizations for the development of activities initiated by the All-Ukrainian Action “Tree of Life” and other communities initiatives.

3-4 weeks of April – March of the Parks – annual international environmental action in support of conservation

The march of the parks has been celebrated since 1995 on the initiative of the Wildlife Conservation Center in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Armenia and Central Asian states annually. Parks March is an international public support action for protected areas. Hundreds of thousands of people participate in the March of the Parks annually. More than 200 states and non-governmental organizations of the CIS countries cooperate with the CPC as organizers of local marches. Roundtables, concerts, festivals, conferences, excursions, etc. take place during the March of the Parks. Park marches help attract national business to environmental charities.

April 22 is International Earth Day

On April 22, 1970, in New York, students, students, and their teachers first organized a National Earth Day, offering a glimpse into environmental issues and seeking solutions together. Since 1990, this day has been proclaimed an international day and has been celebrated in Ukraine since 1992.

April 24 is World Day for the Protection of Laboratory Animals

April 26 – International Day for the Victims of Radiation Accidents and Disasters. Anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.

On that day in 1986, an explosion occurred at the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant, causing a social and environmental catastrophe on a global scale. The millions of hectares of radiation contaminated land, forests and reservoirs, the loss of health of hundreds of thousands of people, the number of human casualties and destructions destroyed – all seem to be convincing proof that nuclear safety is nothing more than a myth that can be too expensive for all humanity.

 

MAY

May 3 is Sun Day

 May 6 – Blessing of potatoes and saplings on St. George (Roman Catholic rite)

In the “Blessings of potatoes and saplings” on the day of St. George ”; “Blessing of Flowers, Greens and Fruits in the Celebration of the Dormition of the Blessed Virgin” (which takes place on August 15) asks the Creator to bless the seeds, saplings, fruits, medicinal plants whose purpose is to serve the good of man. Thanksgiving or praise is also an important aspect. For example, the priest’s prayer during the blessing of flowers, greens and fruits: “With thanksgiving we have brought into the house of God these flowers, fruits and medicinal herbs to serve the benefit of man and animals through the petition of the Blessed Virgin.” Prayer “Blessing of Potatoes and Saplings on St. George ”is not performed in the Eastern Rite. And the blessing of the flowers of greens and fruits has similar prayers in the rites of the Eastern churches, but they are performed on different days of the liturgical calendar. For example, on the Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, some herbs, sometimes seeds, are blessed, but first of all, different potions. The first blessing of the fruits (first fruits) is dedicated to the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord.

May 12 – Holiday of environmental education

It is celebrated by teachers of schools and students in connection with the importance of environmental education, the formation of environmental awareness and the exchange of experience between countries. This Day is celebrated by organizing and holding conferences and seminars, roundtables on environmental issues. It is organized in educational institutions of all levels, starting with kindergartens and ending with higher education.

May 15 is International Climate Day

It is celebrated in connection with the announcement by meteorologists of the need for climate protection as a resource for the well-being of present and future generations, since climate, weather, natural disasters significantly affect food, life, property security, water resources, recreation and the balanced development of all states.

May 22 is International Day for Biological Diversity

On 20 December 2000, the UN General Assembly declared 22 May as International Day for Biological Diversity (resolution 55/201). On that day, the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted. Previously, this Day was celebrated on December 29, but in 2000 the Conference of the Parties to the Convention recommended that the date be modified to draw more attention to the event. Mindless exploitation of natural resources, such as deforestation for use of land occupied by pastures and the use of water sources for economic purposes, contributes to the loss of biological diversity. The United Nations General Assembly has proclaimed International Day for Biological Diversity to raise awareness and awareness of biodiversity issues.

May 24 is European Park Day

May 31 – World Smoking Day

On May 31, an international anti-smoking action is being held around the world – the World No Tobacco Day, that is, a smoke-free day. It was established in 1988 by the World Health Organization at the 42nd session of the World Health Assembly (resolution No. WHA42.19). The Great Smokeout is also celebrated on the third Thursday of November, as the Environment and World Liberation Day. It was established by the American Cancer Society in 1977. The task of the world community was to make tobacco smoking disappear in the twenty-first century. WHO this action warns the planet’s population (smokers are more than half of the world’s male population and about a quarter of the female) from the addictive habit – one of the most common epidemics in the history of humanity – nicotinomania, which is on a par with alcoholism.

 

JUNE

June 5 – World Environment Day

On December 15, 1972, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed June 5 as World Environment Day (resolution 2994 (XXVII)), to be held to enhance public awareness of the need to conserve and improve the environment. The election of this date is justified by the fact that it was on this day that the United Nations Conference on the Environment (Stockholm, 1972) was opened, which resulted in the establishment of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). In 2000, the United Nations Millennium Environment Program – Take Action was launched on that day.

June 8 is World Oceans Day

World Ocean Day was proclaimed in 1992 at the International Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. The proclamation of this UN holiday emphasized the vital importance of the oceans to the planet, as well as the need to care for their well-being.

June 17 is World Desert and Drought Day

The World Desertification and Drought Day was proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1994 (resolution 49/114). The UN Convention to Combat Desertification was then adopted. States are invited to devote this day to raising awareness of the need for international co-operation in the fight against desertification and the effects of droughts and on the implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification.

Desertification is one of the world’s most disturbing processes of environmental degradation. It threatens the health and livelihoods of more than 1 billion people.

 

JULY

July 4 – International Dolphin Day – Captivity

July 7 – Christmas of John the Baptist Christmas (Ivan Kupala)

Traditional Ukrainian holiday, celebrated the night before Ivan’s Day (June 24 according to the old style). It is also now tied to the solar revolution (June 21, leap year – June 20, UTC). Due to the introduction of the Gregorian calendar on March 1, 1918, it began to be celebrated on July 7. The name Ivan Kupala is of Christian origin and is a Slavic variant of the name John the Baptist (Greek Ιω? Ννης ο Βαπτιστ? Σ), since the epithet John is Greek. βαπτιστ? ς – “baptistis” translates as “swimmer, diver”. Such a name of the holiday was due to the Slavic notions in particular: the Orthodox k? Pati meant ritual washing, purification, which was performed in open water. the name of the holiday was later reimagined with folk etymology and associated with ritual bathing in the rivers during that holiday. It is filled with love of nature and shows all unity between man and the world around him.

July 11 is World Population Day

In 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) recommended that July 11 be designated as World Population Day (UNDP decision 89/46). Counting on July 11, 1987, when the world’s population crossed the 5 billion mark, this Day aims to highlight the urgency and importance of population-related issues, in particular in the context of general development plans and programs and the need for search. solving these problems.

Source of information: http://www.ecoburougcc.org.ua/ekologichnij-calendar

 

AUGUST

August 6 – Nuclear Weapons Action Day

On that day, on August 6, 1945, the American air force bombed the Japanese city of Hiroshima. For the first time in history, nuclear weapons have been used against humans and have shown their monstrous power. The enormous damage was done to the environment and the health of the citizens. The effects of the bombing are still tangible today. Nuclear weapons are considered to be the most dangerous of all weapons. In addition to direct shock, light radiation and penetrating radiation, huge territories are contaminated with radionuclides for many years and become unsuitable for normal human activity. To date, most countries have stopped nuclear explosions, but laboratory testing continues.

August 16 is International Homeless Animals Day

This day is included in the international calendar according to the proposal of the International Society for Animal Rights (ISAR) USA. The problem of stray animals is familiar to every big city, where the issue of building shelters for stray animals is a pressing issue. People for various reasons part with pets – family, financial, psychological. But no matter how good and serious the reason seemed – to throw an animal out in the mercy! And if some people are violent, then there must be others who will show mercy, help, care. Representatives of public organizations and indifferent people of the country can express their opinion on how the authorities solve the problem of reducing the number of stray animals in the city. International Stray Animals Day . It has long been proven that the level of human spirituality is determined not only by the social environment but also by the nature of communication with the natural world. Cruelty to animals in childhood can turn into cruelty to humans.

August 19 – Feast of the Transfiguration of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Consecration of the Firstfruits.

This holiday is the period when the fruits of the earth ripen. And from ancient times, in the Eastern Church, on that day, the blessing of the firstfruits of the earth has been given in thanksgiving to God. This custom was adopted by the Christian Church from the Old Testament, who was prescribed to bear the firstfruits of the fruit in the Temple of the Lord. In the book of Exodus, we read, “All that is best of the firstfruits of thy land, thou shalt bring into the house of the Lord thy God” (23, 19).

 

SEPTEMBER

September 1 – Conservation Day. Remembrance Day for species destroyed by humans

September 11 – Birthday of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

September 12 is World Crane Day

September 14 (September 1, Gregorian Calendar) – Creator Day (Creation Day)

This holiday was started in 1989 on the initiative of His Holiness Demetrius I, Patriarch of Constantinople, who in a special epistle called the entire Christian world annually on September 1 (14) to unite in a common prayer to God the Creator of all things, in the commencement of the Church year. He is grateful for the gift of life, for the beautiful world of nature in which we live, to ask for forgiveness for the harm done, and to pray for the preservation and salvation of all creation, who “groans and suffers in grief” (Rom. 8:22). To date, numerous churches of Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant traditions around the world have joined the ecumenical initiative of prayer and practical efforts to save nature. According to the decision of the Synod of Bishops, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church joined the celebration of the Christian ecological holiday. On this day, at the beginning of the Church year, various worship services (thanksgiving, akathists, or prayer services) are sent in honor of the feast in the temples in order to preserve the created by God God, educational and educational measures of ecological orientation are carried out, as well as various.

September 16 is International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer

On December 19, 1994, the UN General Assembly proclaimed September 16th the International Day for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (Resolution 49/114). This day has been celebrated since 1995 to commemorate the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol) in 1987, given the need to preserve the ozone layer, which filters sunlight and prevents the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation Earth, thus preserving life on the planet.

September 22 – Day without cars

For the first time, Car Free Day was celebrated in 1998 in France, when traffic was stopped in a number of cities. In the following years, this tradition has been adopted by other European countries and cities, and in recent years by some non-European countries (eg Canada, USA). The day without cars is celebrated by decisions of local authorities. As a rule, cars are forbidden on this day, and residents use alternative means of transportation. Sometimes the promotion lasts more than one day. The purpose of such an event is to draw attention to the problem of air pollution by vehicles, reduce the concentration of exhaust gases in urban air, reduce the noise load, promote the development of alternative types of movement. A day without cars in Ukraine is not officially celebrated, but such actions take place at the initiative of the public or local authorities in individual cities of Ukraine.

September 27 is International Tourism Day

World Tourism Day is a holiday that is celebrated annually on September 27 with the purpose of promoting tourism, highlighting its contribution to the economy and ecology of the world community, developing ties between peoples of different countries.

September 28 – International Day Against the Ban on MOX Fuel

MOX – mixed oxides – a mixed oxide of uranium and plutonium, a type of nuclear fuel. The idea of ​​holding the International Day for the Ban on MOX Fuel originated in Russia, where environmental organizations in 1998 called on the public to oppose the use of such fuel for nuclear power plant reactors, given the high environmental risk of its use. This day is commemorated in memory of one of the greatest nuclear catastrophes of the 20th century – the explosion at the Mayak plutonium plant in Chelyabinsk in 1957.

September 30-October 1 – International Birdwatching Days

Such days are held at the initiative of the Bird Conservation Societies. Everyone is involved with them. During the action it is fixed what kinds of birds are found in a particular locality, in what quantity, peculiarities of their behavior, etc. The main purpose of this action is to encourage the general public to learn about the world of birds and to draw attention to the problems of their conservation, because, due to human activity and pollution, the numbers of some species are significantly reduced or endangered. The results of their observations are sent to the bird protection societies by the participants, and such results are processed, summarized and made public.

 

OCTOBER

October 2 is World Animals Day

October 4 – World Animal Welfare Day (and St. Francis of Assisi. Roman Catholic Rite)

The decision to celebrate World Animal Day was taken on October 4 at the International Congress of Supporters of the Movement for the Protection of Nature, held in Florence in 1931.
Animal protection communities in many countries around the world have declared their readiness to organize a wide variety of events each year. Animal Day is set up to raise public awareness of the need to protect the environment, and to increase activity in animal welfare.

October 6 – World Habitat Day

Habitat Day is celebrated around the world. This holiday was approved in 1979 under the Convention on the Conservation of Wild Fauna and Flora and Natural habitats in Europe.
Human activity has long influenced nature, changing it. Every year, more and more territories in the world are turning into farmland, pastures, and are changing due to urban growth, mining, plant construction, and other national economy facilities. Over the 19 centuries AD, 150 species of mammals, mostly large mammals, and 139 species of birds have disappeared on the globe. Each missing species is a very heavy loss. Everything that disappears in the animal world – disappears forever.

October 8 – International Day for Reducing the Risk of Natural Disasters

October 12 – International Day for Disaster Protection

For the first time, this day was celebrated in accordance with the UN General Assembly resolution of 22 December 1989 as part of the International Decade on Disaster Risk Reduction (1990-1999).
In 1999, the General Assembly decided to continue annually marking this date as the International Day for Disaster Reduction on the second Wednesday of October as one of the instruments contributing to the creation of a global disaster risk reduction culture, including disaster prevention, mitigation and mitigation. them.

October 16 – World Food Day (Día Mundial de la Alimentación, fr. Journée de Nations Unies pour la coopération Sud-Sud) – the day set by the FAO Conference in 1979 (known as the Food and the United Nations Agricultural Organization). It is celebrated annually on October 16, since FAO was founded on October 16, 1945. The purpose of the World Food Day is to increase public awareness of the global food problem and to strengthen solidarity in the fight against hunger, malnutrition and poverty.

October 17 – St. Francis of Assisi (Eastern Rite)

October 31 is International Black Sea Day

In 1996, the official representatives of the Black Sea countries: Bulgaria, Georgia, Russia, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine – signed the Strategic Action Plan for the Rescue of the Black Sea in Istanbul. Signing Day – October 31 – is proclaimed International Black Sea Day.

 

NOVEMBER

November 6 – International Day for the Prevention of Environmental Exploitation in War and Military Conflict

November 21 (Third Thursday November) is World Smoking Day.

 

DECEMBER

The launch of the All-Ukrainian Nature Conservation Campaigns “Save the Fir-Tree”, “Our Aid to the Birds” and others aimed at conserving wildlife in winter.

December 10 is Human Rights Day

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