The bee has been a human companion for thousands of years, and honey is an extremely tasty and useful product. In the past, every village in Ukraine had an apiary. Today, the number of people wishing to beekeeping decreases every year. However, Ukraine remains one of the world’s leading honey producers, and the number of bee families is also declining. However, the culture of beekeeping can be preserved thanks to home apiaries. Yes, one of them is an apiary, which is located on the territory of the Transcarpathian Regional Ecological and Naturalistic Center for Students Youth.
The young people got acquainted with bees as the main pollinators of angiosperms, studying the topic of pollination of flowering plants. The group lesson began with a theoretical part, where the leader Oksana Kremin introduced her students to the way of life and habitat of bees. “It is known that bees are very interesting insects. One bee family has up to 100,000 insects, all of which are controlled by one queen bee. They communicate with each other through dance. The complex movements of the “bee dance” contain incredibly important information. It concerns: the coordinates of the site, the direction of flight, the distance to it, the amount of nectar and pollen,” Mrs.Oksana told her students.
Children wanted to see these insects as soon as possible by figuring out that bees have 5 eyes. Thus, Mr. Yuriy, who has been professionally engaged in beekeeping for many years, willingly showed the children 6 Carpathian bee families, which are now working tirelessly, making valuable, useful, natural medicines and delicious products.
After that, the fun began. It was appealing for the children to try to light the chimney and turn the honeycomb handle on their own. In order not to disturb the bees, they lighted up them with smoke from the chimney, after which the brave darers put on protective masks and looked into the beehive. The beekeeper opened the hive like a magic box, his eyes lit up, and he caught his breath because for the first time many of us could see such a large family of bees, including the queen bee, worker bees, and drones.
The group members eagerly observed the insects, and members of the bee family, discussing their cover, body structure, color, and size in special jars with a magnifying glass. The beekeeper showed a real bee sting in front of the participants. The children watched as the sting continued to release venom into the skin, causing pain. Carefully pulling out the sting, Mr. Yuriy pointed out that an insect bite is safe for a healthy person, but people with an allergic reaction should avoid the attack of wasps, bees, and other stinging insects.
A yummy bonus for the children was the tasting of fresh honey from the newly obtained honeycombs. The group drew attention to the fact that now various plants are blooming on the territory of the ecological center, from which hard-working bees collect sweet nectar for honey production, such as clover, linden, roses, peonies, clematis, etc.
At the end of the class, young nature lovers actively discussed everything they saw and heard, concluding that loving nature means preserving its biodiversity: “Yes, on the example of bees, we see how a real team works,” said Darynka from Kharkiv. “These amazing striped insects interact with each other. They are part of nature, and all their actions are needed to maintain the natural balance on our planet Earth “- said Alexander, a student of the group.
The event was held in cooperation with the Transcarpathian Regional Ecological and Naturalistic Center for Students Youth – TRENCSY along with the Institute of Ecological and Religious Studies- IERS (headed by Alexander Bokotey) and the German Nature Conservation Union (NABU Bundesverband NABU International ), project coordinator Ivan Tymofeiev.
Informational Service of IERS